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Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters

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Environmental Microbiology / Microbial Diversity  |  Environmental Microbiology

Microbiol. Biotechnol. Lett. 2020; 48(2): 99-112

https://doi.org/10.4014/mbl.1911.11014

Received: November 25, 2019; Accepted: January 29, 2020

유류오염토양 근권정화기술 동향 및 온실가스 배출 특성

Rhizoremdiation of Petroleum Hydrocarbon-contaminated Soils and Greenhouse Gas Emission Characteristics: A Review

Yoonjoo Seo and Kyung Suk Cho *

Ewha Woman University

Rhizoremediation, based on the ecological synergism between plant and rhizosphere microorganisms, is an environmentally friendly method for the remediation of petroleum hydrocarbon-contaminated soils. In order to mitigate global climate change, it is necessary to minimize greenhouse gas emissions while cleaning-up contaminated soils. In rhizoremediation, the main factors affecting pollutant remediation efficiency and greenhouse gas emissions include not only pollutant and soil physicochemical properties, but also plant-microbe interactions, microbial activity, and addition of amendments. This review summarizes the development in rhizoremediation technology for purifying oil-contaminated soils. In addition, the key parameters and strategies required for rhizoremediation to mitigate climate change mediation are discussed.

Keywords: Rhizoremediation, petroleum hydrocarbon, contaminated soil, plant, rhizomicroorganism, greenhouse gas mitigation

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