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Bioactive Compounds / Food Microbiology  |  Probiotics and Foodborne Microorganisms

Microbiol. Biotechnol. Lett. 2018; 46(4): 334-345

https://doi.org/10.4014/mbl.1804.04001

Received: April 5, 2018; Accepted: September 9, 2018

Genome Profiling for Health Promoting and Disease Preventing Traits Unraveled Probiotic Potential of Bacillus clausii B106

N.G Kapse 1, A.S Engineer 1, V. Gowdaman 1, S. Wagh 2 and P.K Dhakephalkar 1*

1MACS-Agharkar Research Institute, 2Hi Tech BioSciences India Ltd., Research & Development Centre

Spore-forming Bacillus species are commercially available probiotic formulations for application in humans. They have health benefits and help prevent disease in hosts by combating entero-pathogens and ameliorating antibiotic-associated diarrhea. However, the molecular and cellular mechanisms of these benefits remain unclear. Here, we report the draft genome of a potential probiotic strain of Bacillus clausii B106. We mapped and compared the probiotic profile of B106 with other reference genomes. The draft genome analysis of B106 revealed the presence of ADI pathway genes, indicating its ability to tolerate acidic pH and bile salts. Genes encoding fibronectin binding proteins, enolase, as well as a gene cluster involved in the biosynthesis of exopolysaccharides underscored the potential of B106 to adhere to the intestinal epithelium and colonize the human gut. Genes encoding bacteriocins were also detected, indicating the antimicrobial ability of this isolate. The presence of genes encoding vitamins, including Riboflavin, Folate, and Biotin, also indicated the health-promoting ability of B106. Resistance of B106 to multiple antibiotics was evident from the presence of genes encoding resistance to chloramphenicol, β-lactams, Vancomycin, Tetracycline, fluoroquinolones, and aminoglycosides. The findings indicate the significance of B. clausii B106 administration during antibiotic treatment and its potential value as a probiotic strain to replenish the health-promoting and disease-preventing gut flora following antibiotic treatment.

Keywords: Probiotics, Bacillus, spore formers, genome analysis

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