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Microbial Biotechnology (MB)  |  Protein Structure, Function, and Engineering

Microbiol. Biotechnol. Lett. 2022; 50(1): 71-80

https://doi.org/10.48022/mbl.2109.09006

Received: September 10, 2021; Revised: December 14, 2021; Accepted: December 16, 2021

Purification, Characterization and Application of a Cold Active Lipase from Marine Bacillus cereus HSS

Sahar WM. Hassan*, Hala H. Abd El Latif, and Ehab A. Beltagy

National Institute of Oceanography and Fisheries (NIOF), Egypt

Correspondence to :
Sahar Hassan,       saharwefky@yahoo.com

Lipases (triacylglycerol acylhydrolases [EC 3.1.1.3]) are water-soluble enzymes. They catalyze the hydrolysis of fats and oils. A cold-active lipase from marine Bacillus cereus HSS, isolated from the Mediterranean Sea, Alexandria, Egypt, was purified and characterized. The total purification depending on lipase activity was 438.9 fold purification recording 632 U/mg protein. The molecular weight of the purified lipase was estimated to be 65 kDa using sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS)-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The optimum substrate concentration, enzyme concentration, pH, and temperature were 1.5 mM, 100 μl, pH 6 and 10℃, respectively. The lipase was tolerant to NaCl concentrations ranging from 1.5 to 4.5%. The lipase was affected by the tested metal ions, and its activity was inhibited by 16% in the presence of 0.05 M SDS. The application of the cold-active lipase for the removal of an oil stain from a white cotton cloth showed that it is a promising biological agent for the treatment of oily wastes and other related applications. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of the purification and characterization of a lipase from marine B. cereus HSS isolated from the Mediterranean Sea.

Keywords: Bacillus cereus HSS, lipase, purification, characterization, oil removal

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