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Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters

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Food Microbiology (FM)  |  Bioactive Compounds or Metabolites: Function and Application

Microbiol. Biotechnol. Lett. 2021; 49(4): 493-500

https://doi.org/10.48022/mbl.2107.07009

Received: July 19, 2021; Revised: August 19, 2021; Accepted: August 24, 2021

Discovery of Argyrin-Producing Archangium gephyra MEHO_001 and Identification of Its Argyrin Biosynthetic Genes

Juo Choi1,2, Taejoon Park1, Daun Kang2, Jeongju Lee2, Yungpil Kim2, Pilgoo Lee2, Gregory J. Y. Chung2, and Kyungyun Cho1*

1Department of Biotechnology, Hoseo University, Asan 31499, Republic of Korea 2MECOX CureMed Co., Seoul 06744, Republic of Korea

Correspondence to :
Kyungyun Cho,      kycho@hoseo.edu

Argyrins are a group of anticancer and antibacterial octapeptide bioactive substances isolated from myxobacteria. In this study, we showed that the myxobacterium Archangium gephyra MEHO_001, isolated in Korea, produces argyrins A and B. MEHO_001 cells tend to aggregate when cultured in liquid media. Hence, a dispersion mutant, MEHO_002, was isolated from MEHO_001. The MEHO_002 strain produced approximately 3.5 times more argyrins than that produced by the wild-type strain MEHO_001. We determined the whole-genome sequence of A. gephyra MEHO_002 and identified a putative argyrin biosynthetic gene cluster comprising five genes, arg1-arg5, encoding non-ribosomal peptide synthases and tailoring enzymes. Inactivation of arg2 by plasmid insertion disrupted argyrin production. The amino acid sequences of the proteins encoded by arg2-arg5 of A. gephyra MEHO_002 were 90-98% similar to those encoded by the argyrin biosynthetic genes of Cystobacter sp. SBCb004, an argyrin-producing myxobacterium with identical domain organization.

Keywords: Archangium gephyra, argyrin, myxobacteria, secondary metabolite

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