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Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters

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Environmental Microbiology (EM)  |  Microbial Ecology and Diversity

Microbiol. Biotechnol. Lett. 2021; 49(3): 269-282

https://doi.org/10.48022/mbl.2104.04015

Received: April 26, 2021; Revised: May 21, 2021; Accepted: May 24, 2021

나고야의정서 이행에 따른 새로운 유전자원 접근 이익공유 체계의 이해와 미생물 연구자의 대응방안

Understanding the Access and Benefit-Sharing of Genetic Resources for Microbiology Researchers

Jonghyun Lee, Minho An, and Young-Hyo Chang*

ABS Research Support Center, Korea Research Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Daejeon 34141, Republic of Korea

Correspondence to :
Young Hyo Chang,     yhchang@kribb.re.kr

Following enforcement of the Nagoya Protocol (NP), in which the sovereign rights to genetic resources of countries are recognized, new legal obligations regarding access and benefit-sharing (ABS) that did not exist before have now been imposed on researchers. To implement the NP, many countries are introducing new procedures and regulations when a researcher wants to obtain genetic resources for commercial or noncommercial uses. It is therefore expected that resource-rich countries will adopt strong regulations to protect their genetic resources. In this regard, Korean microbiologists will need to respond to these changes to minimize the potential damages caused by the ABS. This paper reviews the key contents of the NP to raise its awareness among scientific researchers and further presents specific measures to meet the ABS obligations accordingly. For example, Korean researchers, in principle, do not need to acquire Prior Informed Consents (PICs) when they access Korean microbial resources for both commercial or research purposes. Nevertheless, when a foreign culture collection agency such as DSMZ requests a confirmation of compliance with the NP to deposit genetic resources, Korean researchers can also apply for a PIC with the Korean government as an exception. By referring to this article, microbiologists will be able to conduct their research in compliance with the NP while respecting the legal ABS obligations of each resource-providing country.

Keywords: Nagoya Protocol, genetic resources, access, benefit-sharing, ABS

Graphical Abstract


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