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Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters

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Food Microbiology (FM)  |  Probiotics in Nutrition and Health

Microbiol. Biotechnol. Lett. 2021; 49(1): 18-23

https://doi.org/10.48022/mbl.2009.09010

Received: September 25, 2020; Accepted: December 11, 2020

Lactobacillus plantarum G72 Showing Production of Folate and Short-chain Fatty Acids

Hye Ji Jang, Na-Kyoung Lee and Hyun-Dong Paik*

Department of Food Science and Biotechnology of Animal Resources, Konkuk University, Seoul 05029, Republic of Korea

Correspondence to :
Hyun-Dong Paik,
hdpaik@konkuk.ac.kr

The aim of this study was to determine the production of folate, short chain fatty acids (SCFAs), and antimicrobial activity exhibited by Lactobacillus plantarum G72 for potential dietary application in pregnant women. L. plantarum G72 has been reported to possess characteristic activities and functionality including β-galactosidase activity and antioxidant activities. L. plantarum G72 showed antibacterial activity against pathogenic bacteria (Listeria monocytogenes ATCC 15313, Salmonella typhimurium P99, Escherichia coli ATCC 25922, and Staphylococcus aureus KCCM 11335) using a modified method, and formation of the largest inhibition zone was observed against S. aureus KCCM 11335 (12.0-17.0 mm). The adherence of four food-borne pathogenic bacteria to HT-29 cells was inhibited by L. plantarum G72 (0.13 to 0.92 log CFU/ml). The most considerable inhibition of adherence to HT-29 cells was observed by using L. plantarum G72 against S. typhimurim P99. Additionally, folate production by L. plantarum G72 was 50.1 ng/ml, and L. plantarum G72 produced relatively more lactic acid (11,176.73 mg/kg) than acetic, propionic, or butyric acids. Therefore, the results of this study suggest that L. plantarum G72 may serve as a multifunctional food additive in the health industry.

Keywords: Probiotics, Lactobacillus plantarum, antimicrobial activity, folate, short-chain fatty acids

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