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Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters

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Molecular and Cellular Microbiology / Biomedical Sciences  |  Clinical Microbiology and Biomedical Sciences

Microbiol. Biotechnol. Lett. 2016; 44(2): 208-217

https://doi.org/10.4014/mbl.1603.03006

Received: March 24, 2016; Accepted: April 11, 2016

솔잎추출물의 피부건강 개선효과

The Beneficial Effects of Extract of Pinus densiflora Needles on Skin Health

Jieun Choi 1, Woong Kim 1, Jaeyoung Park 1 and Hyeonsook Cheong 1*

Department of Life Science & BK21-Plus Research Team for Bioactive Control Technology, Chosun University, Gwangju 61452, Republic of Korea

Pinus densiflora Sieb. et Zucc. (P. densiflora) contains several phenolic compounds that exhibit biological activities, such as antimicrobial, antioxidant, and antihypertensive effects. However, the anti-inflammatory effect of P. densiflora on skin has rarely been reported. Malassezia furfur (M. furfur) is a commensal microbe that induces skin inflammation and is associated with several chronic disorders, such as dandruff, seborrheic dermatitis, papillomatosis, and sepsis. The aim of our study was to identify the anti-inflammatory effects of P. densiflora needle extracts on skin health subjected to M. furfur-induced inflammation. The methanolic extract of the pine needles was partitioned into n-hexane, EtOAc, n-BuOH, and water layers. We measured the anti-inflammatory effects (in macrophages) as well as the antioxidant, antifungal, and tyrosinase inhibitory activity of each of these layers. The antioxidant activity of the individual layers was in the order EtOAc layer > n-BuOH layer > water layer. Only the n-BuOH, EtOAc, and n-hexane layers showed antifungal activity. Additionally, all the layers possessed tyrosinase inhibition activity similar to that of ascorbic acid, which is used as a commercial control. The EtOAc layer was not cytotoxic toward the RAW 264.7 cell line. Interleukin 1 beta and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α expression levels in M. furfurstimulated RAW 264.7 cells treated with the EtOAc layer were decreased markedly compared to those in cells treated with the other layers. Taken together, we believe that the needle extracts of P. densiflora have potential application as alternative anti-inflammatory agents or cosmetic material for skin health improvement.

Keywords: Pinus densiflora, Malassezia furfur, Skin health, Anti-inflammation

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